The Grand Mosque, also known as Masjid al-Haram, is the holiest site in Islam and is located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Every year, millions of Muslims from around the world come to perform Hajj and Umrah, the two most important pilgrimages in Islam. Despite the soaring temperatures in Mecca, the floor of the Grand Mosque and the area around the Kaaba remains cool. Have you ever wondered how this is possible?
Unraveling the mystery of the cool floors at Masjid al-Ḥarām and areas around Holy Kaaba
Many people might think that there are cool water pipes beneath the floor that keep it cool, but this is not the case. According to the office of the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Two Holy Mosques, the main reason for the coolness is the type of marble used. The Grand Mosque and the area around the Kaaba are paved with a rare type of marble called Thassos, which is imported from Greece.
Thassos marble is unique because it reflects the sun’s rays and, in turn, the heat during the day. This property of marble keeps the floor cool, making it easier for the pilgrims to perform their rituals. The coolness of the marble is particularly important during the hot summer months in Mecca, when temperatures can reach up to 50°C (122°F).
The use of Thassos marble in the Masjid al-Ḥarām is not a recent development. In fact, it has been used for more than 20 years. The marble was chosen for its durability and its ability to maintain its coolness even after years of use. In addition to its practical benefits, Thassos marble is also aesthetically pleasing. It’s white color and shiny surface give the Grand Mosque a grandeur that is fitting for its status as the holiest site in Islam.
Thassos marble is not only used in the Grand Mosque and the area around the Kaaba. It is also used in other parts of the mosque, such as the walls, columns, and domes. The use of Thassos marble is part of a larger trend in the construction of modern Islamic architecture. Many new mosques and Islamic buildings are being constructed using modern materials and techniques, while also incorporating traditional Islamic design elements.
Masjid al-Ḥarām is not the only religious site where Thassos marble is used. It can also be found in other mosques and religious buildings around the world. One notable example is the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The mosque, which is one of the largest in the world, is paved with Thassos marble and features beautiful floral and geometric patterns made from other types of marble.
In addition to its use in religious buildings, Thassos marble is also popular in luxury homes and hotels. Its unique properties make it a popular choice for flooring in hot climates, such as the Middle East and North Africa. Marble is also popular in Europe and North America, where it is used for countertops, walls, and floors in high-end homes and hotels.
Despite its popularity, Thassos marble is relatively rare and expensive. It is only found on the Greek island of Thassos, where it has been quarried for centuries. The marble is known for its pure white color and translucent properties, which make it highly sought after for decorative purposes.
The coolness of the floor in the Masjid al-Ḥarām and the area around the Kaaba is not due to any cool water pipes beneath it, but rather the type of marble used. Thassos marble, imported from Greece, has the unique property of reflecting the sun’s rays and heat, keeping the floor cool even during the hottest months in Mecca. Its durability and aesthetic qualities make it a popular choice not only for religious buildings but also for luxury homes and hotels around the world. Thassos marble is